New DNS trojan taints entire LAN from single box
One ‘sploit pwns all
By Dan Goodin in San Francisco
Posted in Security, 16th March 2009 22:43 GMT
Internet security experts are warning of a new rash of malware attacks that can hijack the security settings of a wide variety of devices on a local area network, even when they are hardened or don’t run on Windows operating systems.
Once activated, the trojan sets up a rogue DHCP, or dynamic host configuration protocol, server on the host machine. From there, other devices using the same LAN are tricked into using a malicious domain name system server, instead of the one set up by the network administrator. The rogue DNS server sends the devices to fraudulent websites that in many cases can be hard to identify as impostors.
A new variant of Trojan.Flush.M is making the rounds, Johannes Ullrich, CTO of the SANS Internet Storm Center warns here. It offers several improvements over its predecessor, which was discovered in early December. Among other changes, the new strain no longer specifies a DNS domain name, making the rogue DHCP server harder to detect.
“This kind of malware is definitely dangerous because it affects systems that themselves are not vulnerable” to the trojan, Ullrich told The Register. “So all you need is one system infected in the network and it will affect a lot of other nonvulnerable systems.”
Of course, one way to thwart the attack is to hardwire DNS server settings into your iPhone, computer or other net-connecting device. This will direct it to bypass the rogue DNS server even if the device is unfortunate enough to get its internet connection from the impostor DHCP server.
Such countermeasures are impractical for networks with thousands of machines, so Ullrich recommends administrators monitor connections to all DNS servers other then the one that’s approved for the network. A third choice is to blacklist 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52, which are the DNS servers used by the most recent variant. This is the least effective measure, since future variants will surely tap new IP addresses. ®